In Java 8, map() and flatMap() are two commonly used methods in the Stream API. Both methods are used to transform a Stream of elements, but they have different behaviors.
map() method applies a given function to each element of the stream and returns a new stream with the results. The type of the new stream can be different from the original stream.
Here’s an example of map() method:
List<String> words = Arrays.asList(“Hello”, “World”);
// transform the words to uppercase
List<String> upperCaseWords = words.stream()
The output of this example would be a list containing “HELLO” and “WORLD”.
flatMap() method, on the other hand, applies a function that returns a stream to each element of the original stream, and then flattens the resulting streams into a single stream of elements. The type of the new stream must be the same as the original stream.
Here’s an example of flatMap() method:
List<List<Integer>> numbers = Arrays.asList(
Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3),
Arrays.asList(4, 5, 6),
Arrays.asList(7, 8, 9));
// flatten the list of lists to a single list of integers
List<Integer> flattenedNumbers = numbers.stream()
The output of this example would be a list containing 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6