Deadlocks in Java programs can be avoided by following some best practices and design patterns, which are:
- Avoid circular wait: Avoid acquiring multiple locks in a circular order, as it can lead to deadlocks. If multiple locks need to be acquired, they should always be acquired in the same order.
- Release locks in a timely manner: Locks should be held for the minimum required time and should be released as soon as possible. This can help to reduce the possibility of deadlocks.
- Use a timeout mechanism: A timeout mechanism can be used to avoid deadlocks by waiting for a limited amount of time to acquire a lock. If the lock is not acquired within the given time, then the thread can take some other action instead of waiting indefinitely.
- Avoid nested locks: Nested locks should be avoided as much as possible. If nested locks are required, then the locks should be acquired in the same order.
- Use higher-level synchronization mechanisms: Higher-level synchronization mechanisms, such as the java.util.concurrent package can be used to avoid deadlocks. These mechanisms provide higher-level abstractions that are less prone to deadlocks than low-level synchronization primitives.
- Design for simplicity: Simple and clear designs are less prone to deadlocks. It is important to keep the design simple and avoid unnecessary complexity.
By following these best practices and design patterns, deadlocks in Java programs can be minimized, if not avoided altogether.
You May Also Like:
What are common multi-threading issues faced by Java Developers?
What are different states of a Thread? What does those states tell us?
What happens when wait() & notify() methods are called?
What is difference between sleep(), yield() and wait() method?
What is difference between Callable and Runnable Interface?
What is difference between intrinsic synchronization and explicit locking using Lock?
What will happen when an exception arises from within a synchronized code block? Will lock be retained or released?
What is difference between Executor submit() and execute() method?