AWS Scenario based interview question and answer

By | July 15, 2023

Scenario :

Your company is planning to migrate its on-premises infrastructure to AWS. Outline the steps you would follow to ensure a successful migration.


AWS Questions & Answers

AWS Interview Questions and Answers

To ensure a successful migration of your company’s on-premises infrastructure to AWS, you can follow these steps:

  • Evaluate and Plan: Assess your current infrastructure, applications, and data to identify the components that need to be migrated. Define migration goals, priorities, and timelines. Determine the best migration strategy (lift-and-shift, re-platforming, re-architecting) for each application or workload.
  • Create an AWS Account: Set up an AWS account and establish the necessary account structure and access controls. Ensure proper security measures are in place, such as enabling multi-factor authentication (MFA) and implementing strong password policies.
  • Design AWS Architecture: Design an appropriate architecture for your AWS environment, taking into consideration factors such as scalability, high availability, security, and cost optimization. Plan the network layout, including VPC, subnets, and connectivity options.
  • Data Migration: Determine the best approach for data migration based on the volume, complexity, and criticality of your data. AWS provides various services and tools for data migration, such as AWS Snowball, AWS Database Migration Service (DMS), and AWS DataSync. Develop a migration plan and execute it in a phased manner.
  • Application Migration: Select the most suitable migration method for each application, such as re-hosting, re-platforming, or re-architecting. Consider using AWS services like AWS Server Migration Service (SMS) or AWS Elastic Beanstalk to simplify the migration process. Test and validate the migrated applications before cutting over from the on-premises environment.
  • Reconfigure and Optimize: Adjust the configurations of your migrated applications to take advantage of AWS features and services, such as auto-scaling, load balancing, and managed database services. Optimize resource utilization and cost by rightsizing instances and leveraging AWS cost management tools.
  • Testing and Validation: Conduct thorough testing to ensure that all migrated applications and workloads are functioning as expected in the AWS environment. Test for performance, security, and reliability. Validate the backup and disaster recovery processes.
  • Training and Knowledge Transfer: Provide training and support to your IT team and end-users on AWS services and best practices. Foster knowledge transfer to ensure a smooth transition and effective utilization of AWS resources.
  • Cut-over and Go-Live: Plan a scheduled cut-over from the on-premises environment to the AWS environment. Execute the final data synchronization, update DNS records, and perform any necessary configurations to make the applications live on AWS. Monitor closely for any issues and provide post-migration support.
  • Ongoing Management and Optimization: Continuously monitor and manage your AWS infrastructure, utilizing AWS CloudWatch for monitoring, AWS Trusted Advisor for best practice recommendations, and AWS Cost Explorer for cost optimization. Implement regular security audits and updates to maintain a secure environment.

By following these steps, you can ensure a successful migration of your company’s infrastructure to AWS, leveraging the benefits of scalability, flexibility, and cost efficiency offered by the AWS cloud platform.

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